You will be surprised to know that the Present India mainly constitutes of the Indo Aryan and Dravadian Race. In fact, The two age old races of the world which were altogether different from their very roots. But the one who together formed the Part of the Historic India and continues till date.
Learn more about History of North-East and East India, North India and west India.
Undoubtedly this part of the Land was dominated by the Dravidians, long before coming of the Aryans . The Aryans came through the Khyber Pass, from the Mighty Himalayas.
Its perhaps yet to be unfolded about the exact origin of the Dravidians. The Archaeological study of the Indus Valley Civilization reveals the fact that the survivors of the Indus valley civilization were the Dravidians and they were responsible for the growth of rich Indus Valley Civilization.
History of Southern India – Through the Pages of Ancient India.
Dravidian speakers form the majority of the population of South India and are natively found. In fact they are found in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Maldives and Sri Lanka. Consequently Dravidians are also present in Singapore or the United Arab Emirates through recent migration.
This period is marked by the rise of the Satvahanas. Beginning from late 1st century B.C.. They maintained an extensive empire in the South till early 3rd century A.D. Their empire included most of the territories of south India and a part of north India . This by far excluded the kingdoms of the Chera, the Chola and the Pandya kingdoms . These were in Far southern Part.
Their rule remain glorious in south India for various reasons. After them, the Vakatakas repeated their performance. Beginning from late 3rd century A.D., the Vakatakas maintained a big empire in the South till early 6th century A.D. After them, the history of south India passed in the hands of the Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Pallavas and the Cholas.
They ruled in Southern Indian region, during the period 600-1200 A.D. The Cholas fought for sovereignty over South India for nearly 350 years (850-1200 A.D.). Most Importantly They first fought against the Rashtrakutas and then against their successors,
History of Southern India – Territorial aggressions leading to small kingdoms.
In the beginning of the fourteenth century, there were few small kingdoms. Understandably the Yadavas of Devagiri, the Kakatiyas of Warangala, the Hoysalas of Diwarasamundra and the Pandyas of Madura constituted the powerful kingdoms of the south. But these kingdoms were in constant fight for the extension of their territorial Boundaries. They were definitely not able to take any lesson from the fall of similar kingdoms in North of India. The fall of North India by the successive invasions of foreign Intruders.
History– Muslim Invasion
Malik Kafur, the very first Muslim invader to south who perhaps defeated them one by one taking advantage of the Personal anguish of the southern Indian rulers. He was also supported by one native southern Indian ruler against another.
Ala-ud- din Khilji was not able to conquer the entire kingdoms of South under One Flar. But, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq and Muhammad bin-Tughluq decided to be more aggressive. They conquered them and made them a part of the Delhi Sultanate.
History of Southern India – Final fate.
This mutual contest of the rulers of the different dynasties led to the political division of the South like that of the North, as none of them succeeded in conquering the entire south India and, thus, failed to bring about the political unity of the South. Then, they suffered the same fate as the Hindu rulers of the North. When Ala-ud-din Khalji attempted to bring under his subjugation the South, he found his task easier because of the conflicts of the rulers of south India.
Likewise, the south Indian dynasties met with the same fate as their counterparts in the North. They succumbed to the invasions of the Muslims and lost their existence though, of course, it happened when the Muslims had completed consolidation of their conquest of the North.