Culture of East and Northeast India
Culture of East and Northeast India is endowed with all the richness of the Indian Heritage. If you want to know the various rich forms of the culture of the region than Know the facts.
The peoples in the region consist of the Indo-Aryan and Indo-Mongoloid ethnic elements. In fact, the Indo-Aryans and the Indo-Mongoloids seem to have been living in this north-eastern region of Indian subcontinent since prehistoric times.
Culture of East and Northeast India From the Pages of the Ancient Indian History-
The History reveals the Indo-Aryan settlements extended from the Indian heartland to the valleys of Brahmaputra and Barak-Surma, and even to the Manipur valley to a lesser extent, in their eastward advance to the farthest limits of the ploughable fertile plains lands, while the Indo-Mongoloids are believed to have come from various parts of Southeast Asia through the Tibetan-Chinese and the Burmese routes which were also used for trade between India, China and Southeast Asia.
The hill areas were entirely under occupation of the Indo-Mongoloids, but in the plains the Indo-Mongoloids and the Indo-Aryans lived side by side and contributed to each other’s cultural life, thereby initiating in a process of adjustments and assimilation. The peoples of the hills and the plains also interacted in the foothill areas through barter trade which played a critical role in cultural and material development in both the areas. No wonder, the civilisation of the Indo-Gangetic plains took deep roots in the plains areas of the Northeast which also developed contacts with the Chinese and Burmese civilisations.
Culture of East and Northeast India From the Pages of the Medieval Indian History-
Due to the incessant Muslim Invasions, later followed by the French and the Britishers, the diversity in the culture was inevitable. Owing to such rich diversity there are numerous dialect and traditions practiced in this region.
The majority of the population of East India is Hindu with significant Muslim, and small Christian, Buddhist and Sikh minorities. The Muslims constitute a very large minority in West Bengal with 27% of the population and 17% in Bihar. Hindus form 94% of total population of Odisha. Christians are the largest minority in Odisha with 3% of the state population
Culture of East and North-east Region – Rich Diversity
Rich Diversity – The Guide to Indian Tourism unleashes that Durga, Jagannath, Shiva and Rama are particularly popular Hindu deities in this region. Durga and Kali are patron deities of Bengal and Mithila whereas Jagannath or Vishnu is patron god among Odia people. Rama and Hanuman are most sacred in Bihar. Shiva is popular in all areas of eastern states.
Hinduism is the dominant religion. Some tribals also follow their indigenous religions (Sarana). There are several places of pilgrimage for Hinduism.
Puri in Odisha is one of the four holy Dham ( Place)of Hindu religion and particularly known for Rath Yatra festival. Bhubaneswar is considered to be the “City of Temples”. Konark houses an old sun temple.
Bihar Sharif is an important pilgrimage centre for Muslims all over Bihar.
Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a famous historical Kali temple in West Bengal. Kalighat Kali Temple in Kolkata is the most important of all Shakti Peethas in India. Belur Math in Kolkata is the headquarters of the Ramkrishna Mission founded by Swami Vivekananda.
CHHAU DANCE, WEST BENGAL
SATTRIYA DANCE, NORTH-EAST ASSAM
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